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7th International Conference on Spine and Spinal Disorders, will be organized around the theme “Spinal Disorders - Revolutionizing Diagnosis and Treatment Approach”
Spine 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Spine 2021
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A spinal diseases causes damage and worsening to the medulla spinalis. Spinal cord disorders can originate from either outside or inside the funiculus. Damage from the surface of the cord is caused due to compression of the vertebral spine injury. Spinal diseases often cause pain when bone changes put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. They can also limit movement. Treatments differ by disease, but sometimes they include back braces and surgery.
- Track 1-1Vertebral fractures
- Track 1-2Degenerative disc disease
- Track 1-3Hematoma
- Track 1-4Tumors
- Track 1-5Assistive devices
When viewed from the side, spine stands upright and curves slightly inward near the head, then outward, then inward again near the underside. This “S” shape enables the spine to form excellent support and balance to the body while also offering shock absorption to distribute the force of everyday activities like walking.
- Track 2-1Lordosis
- Track 2-2Kyphosis
- Track 2-3Scoliosis
Damage to a part of the spinal cord or nerves at the top of the spinal canal often causes permanent changes in strength, sensation and other body functions below the positioning of the injury. It’s an extremely serious type of physical trauma that’s likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life.
- Track 3-1Tetraplegia
- Track 3-2Paraplegia
- Track 3-3Triplegia
Rapid prototyping (RP), also called three-dimensional printing (3DP), allows the rapid conversion of anatomical images into physical components by the use of special printers. This novel technology has also become a promising innovation for spine surgery. As a result of the developments in 3DP technology, production speeds have increased, and costs have decreased.
- Track 4-1Fabrication of 3D-Printed FOs
- Track 4-2Mechanical Testing
- Track 4-3Human Motion Analysis
- Track 4-4Statistical Analysis
Back pain is common because it's enigmatic. An estimated 90% of the population will experience a minimum of 1 episode of back pain with the overwhelming majority of symptoms resolving within one month. However, for few people, back pain can become chronic and disabling. There are multiple causes of back pain. These include the muscles of the back, ligaments, nerves and the bony architecture of the spine to name a few. Unfortunately, the normal process of aging is responsible for the majority of changes in our spinal anatomy, some of which can cause pain.
- Track 5-1Hyperkyphosis
- Track 5-2Disc Degeneration
- Track 5-3Spinal Arthritis
- Track 5-4Spinal Stenosis
Spinal cord compression takes place when a mass places pressure on the cord. A mass can include a tumor or bone fragment. Compression can develop anywhere along the complex body part from the neck to the lower spine. As your spinal cord travels down your back, it is protected by a stack of backbones called vertebrae. They also hold your body upright. The nerves of your spinal cord run through the openings between the vertebrae and out to your muscles.
- Track 6-1Abnormal spine alignment (scoliosis)
- Track 6-2Injury to the spine
- Track 6-3Spinal tumorv
- Track 6-4Certain bone diseases
- Track 6-5Rheumatoid arthritis
- Track 6-6Infection
Pregnant women may experience back pain that’s localized to the lower back area or radiates into the buttock, thigh, and legs, causing or mimicking sciatica symptoms. The pain could even be constant, intensify with activity, interfere with sleep, and/or reduce overall functioning. While the symptoms usually resolve spontaneously after delivery, some conditions may remain as chronic disorders. Women with pre-existing lower back problems are typically at a next level risk of arising pregnancy-related back pain.
- Track 7-1Thigh Pain in Pregnancy
- Track 7-2Pregnancy Back and Hip Pain
- Track 7-3Lower Back and Abdominal Pain with Cramping
- Track 7-4Back Labor Pain
Low back pain (LBP) may be a quite common problem that over 80% of the final population experience sometime in their life. The recent global epidemiological survey of 306 diseases in 188 countries revealed that LBP is one in all the foremost causes of disability-adjusted life years
- Track 8-1Acute Infantile (SMA type I)
- Track 8-2Chronic Infantile (SMA type II)
- Track 8-3Chronic Juvenile (SMA type III)
- Track 8-4Adult Onset (SMA type IV)
One of the more unfortunate aspects of getting older is that your joints begin to wear out, oftentimes for no good reason. This wear and tear of the joints is’t only common within the knees and thus the hips but also within the spine. The precise reason why the joints of the spine begin to wear out is’t known and will be a mix of things, like doing many of lifting, having a case study of spine problems or having an injury to the spine.
- Track 9-1Spinal Stenosis
- Track 9-2Herniated Discs
- Track 9-3Sciatica
Fractures caused by osteoporosis most often occur within the spine. These spinal fractures are called vertebral compression fractures occur in nearly 700,000 patients annually. They’re almost twice as common as other fractures typically linked to osteoporosis, like broken hips and wrists.
- Track 10-1The swelled-front type
- Track 10-2The bow type
- Track 10-3The projecting type
- Track 10-4The concave type
- Track 10-5The dented type
Osteoarthritis of the spine could be a breakdown of the cartilage of the joints and discs within the neck and lower back. Sometimes, osteoarthritis produces spurs that put pressure on the nerves leaving the spinal column. This might cause weakness and pain within the arms or legs.
- Track 11-1Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis
- Track 11-2Hip Osteoarthritis
- Track 11-3Spinal Osteoarthritis
- Track 11-4Cervical Osteoarthritis
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is also a natural progression of the aging process. Degenerative disc disease (DDD) could be a pathologic condition related to IVD that has been related to chronic back pain. There are a spread of assorted mechanisms of DDD (genetic, mechanical, exposure).There are some Surgical operation Options for Degenerative Disc Disease.
- Track 12-1Discectomy
- Track 12-2Spinal fusion
- Track 12-3Artificial disc replacement
Numerous conditions can affect the spine anywhere from the neck to the lower back. Backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bone discs called vertebrae. The vertebrae protect your spinal cord and allow you to stand and bend. A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. Spine disorders have a wide variety of causes depending on the particular condition. For some conditions, the causes are unknown.
- Track 13-1Back bracing
- Track 13-2Cancer treatment such as surgery to remove tumors, radiation therapy, radiosurgery, and chemotherapy
- Track 13-3Ice or heat therapy for injuries
- Track 13-4Injections, such as corticosteroids or nerve blocks, for pain
- Track 13-5Medications such as anti-inflammatories, pain relievers, or muscle relaxers
- Track 13-6Surgery to replace discs, fuse (connect) vertebrae, open up the spinal canal, or repair nerves
- Track 13-7Rehabilitation using physical therapy to strengthen and stretch the back and abdominal muscles
A spinal cord stimulator is an implanted device that sends low levels of electricity directly into the spinal cord to relieve pain. Spinal cord stimulation is used most often after nonsurgical pain treatment options have failed to provide sufficient relief.Although there are some disadvantage of stimulation can also be founded.
- Track 14-1Fluctuations in stimulation
- Track 14-2Pain is not resolved
- Track 14-3Reaction to pressure
- Track 14-4Electromagnetic interference
- Track 14-5Discomfort around generator
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most accurate imaging test for spinal cord disorders. MRI shows the spinal cord, as well as abnormalities in the soft tissues around the cord (such as abscesses, hematomas, tumors, and ruptured disks) and in bone (such as tumors, fractures, and cervical spondylosis).
- Track 15-1Causes of spinal cord disorders include injuries, infections, a blocked blood supply, and compression by a fractured bone or a tumor.
- Track 15-2Typically, muscles are weak or paralyzed, sensation is abnormal or lost, and controlling bladder and bowel function may be difficult.
- Track 15-3Doctors base the diagnosis on symptoms and results of a physical examination and imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging.
- Track 15-4The condition causing the spinal cord disorder is corrected if possible.
There are dozens of additional nonsurgical spine treatment options, including yoga, pilates, chiropractic, and others. It's recommended that each patient check with their qualified spine physician to find out what treatment methods may work best for their particular case.
- Track 16-1Physical Therapy
- Track 16-2Mindfulness and Meditation
- Track 16-3Diet
- Track 16-4Lifestyle Modifications
Spine surgeries can be performed through anterior, posterior, lateral, or combined anterior–posterior approaches .Anterior approach is used for exposure of ventral spine and spinal cord; anterior approaches for thoracic and lumbar spine may require invasion of thoracic and abdominal cavities.
- Track 17-1Laminectomy
- Track 17-2Discectomy
- Track 17-3Spinal Fusion
- Track 17-4Vertebroplasty/ Kyphoplasty
Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is a type of surgery on the bones of your spine (backbone). This type of surgery uses smaller incisions than standard surgery. This often causes less harm to nearby muscles and other tissues. It can lead to less pain and faster recovery after surgery.
- Track 18-1Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF)
- Track 18-2Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MIS TLIF)
- Track 18-3Percutaneous instrumentation
The rehabilitation process following a spinal cord injury typically begins in the acute care setting. Occupational therapy plays an important role in the management of SCI. Recent studies emphasize the importance of early occupational therapy, started immediately after the client is stable.
- Track 19-1Functional independence
- Track 19-2Gait training
Mr. I, age 31, has no significant past medical history and awoke with neck pain 2 hours before coming to the emergency department. He described his pain as sharp, rated 8 to 9 out of a possible 10 in intensity, and localizing to his neck and upper back without extremity radiation. During initial triage, some subtle weakness of the lower extremities was noted, but Mr. I remained ambulatory. While awaiting further assessment, he remarked that his legs became numb and his leg motor strength weaker. Mr. I was sent for an emergent cervicothoracic MRI and findings showed a large dorsal epidural hematoma with severe spinal cord compression from C5 to T2.
There are six types of spondyType I is congenital (birth defect) or dysplastic (developed abnormally early in life), Type II is isthmic (caused by a pars fracture and instability), Type III is degenerative (caused by arthritis), Type IV is traumatic (acute facet fracture/injury to the facet complex), Type V is pathologic (caused by a tumor, cancer, or infection), and Type IV is postsurgical (iatrogenic bone removal).spinal tumors that are usually benign include neurofibromas, schwannomas, meningiomas, ependymomas, astrocytomas, hemangioblastomas, osteosarcomas, and osteoid osteomas. Malignant: A malignant tumor is cancerous. It will destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.